Fundación Ideas para la Paz (FIP) is an independent think tank established in 1999 by a group of Colombian businessmen. Our mission is to produce knowledge, propose initiatives, develop practices and support processes to contribute in the construction of a stable and lasting peace in Colombia. Along these lines, FIP aims to understand the unrest existing in the country, by exercising the needed leadership for the mobilization of citizens, government officials and the business sector around the common goal of building a peaceful society.
FIP firmly believes that the Colombian conflict will inevitably conclude with a peace negotiation or a series of negotiations that call for adequate technical assistance. Hence, it draws attention on the importance of preparing the country for a post-conflict settings.
Contributions by the Founding Companies have made our institutional endeavor effective. Similarly, for the pursuance of projects, FIP relies on external support from international cooperation, international philanthropic organizations and, agreements made with public and private institutions.
María Victoria Llorente has been for the past 12 years the Director of Fundación Ideas para la Paz (FIP) the most relevant think tank in Colombia on peace and security issues. Prior to this Ms. Llorente was the director of a citizen security and justice program at Los Andes University. She has also been a consultant for the Inter-American Development Bank, the Colombian National Police, the Colombian Ministries of Justice and Interior, the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace and the Office of the Mayor of Bogotá in issues related to peace, citizen security, crime prevention, police reform and drug policy. Ms. Llorente has been designated by the government in several high-level advisory commissions on police reform, criminal justice, drug policy reform and intelligence archives. From 1988 to 1994 she served at the office of the High Commissioner of Peace, the office of the National Defense and Security Adviser, and the office of the Minister of Defense.
María Lucía completed her degrees in anthropology and political science, and an MA in political science at Universidad de Los Andes in Bogota, Colombia. She also has an MSC in Latin American Studies, which she completed at Oxford University in the UK. Before joining FIP, she served as advisor to the Office of the High Commissioner for Peace, where she coordinated the citizen participation team to support the Peace Talks between the Government and FARC. She has broad experience in formulating and assessing citizen participation mechanisms and in research into the role of civil society in peacebuilding. She has worked in prior-consultation proceedings and in relations strategies between businesses and Indigenous and peasant communities, corporate social responsibility in the extractive sector, environmental licensing, and in risk assessments, impact, and opportunities in zones of conflict and weak governance. She has taken part in research projects on Reconciliation, DDR (Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration), and Human Rights.
Political scientist Magna Cum Laude from Universidad de los Andes, with a Master's degree (M.A.) in Political Science from the same University and a Master's degree (MSc) in Security Studies from University College London (United Kingdom), where she studied as a Chevening Scholar. Prior to joining FIP, she was an advisor to the Presidential Office for Post-Conflict, Human Rights and Security, where she led the definition of the Business and Peacebuilding Framework, the post-conflict anti-corruption strategy, and the promotion of citizen oversight of the implementation of the Havana Agreements. She has extensive experience in designing and assessing human rights practices and policies in the private sector. She has worked on the implementation of the "Protect, Respect and Remedy" Framework in the mining sector, and on the design and implementation of corporate social responsibility initiatives aimed at institutional strengthening of public entities, citizen participation, transparency and multi-stakeholder alliances. She has participated in the coordination of human resettlement processes for the extractive industry. She was also an analyst at the National Directorate of Analysis and Contexts at the Attorney General's Office, where she also advised the Office of the Deputy Attorney in the analysis of emblematic historical cases.
Jerónimo Castillo Muñoz has developed his career focused on citizen security and the relationship of the private sector with the criminal justice system, serving as researcher and director of government entities and private companies. He was director of Security and Cohabitation of the Chamber of Commerce of Bogota, Director of Criminal and Penitentiary Policy of the Ministry of the Interior and Justice, Manager against Illicit Trade of British American Tobacco Colombia and Director of Corporate Affairs of Diageo Colombia. He has taught and directed research work at Javeriana University and the National University in Bogota. He advanced law studies at the University of the Andes, has a M.A. and was candidate for P.H.D in criminology at the University of Barcelona and Keele University.
Social Communicator and Journalist from Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga (UNAB); post-graduate studies on Human Rights and Communication at Fundación Henry Dunant (Santiago de Chile). She has worked in written media, initially regional press and subsequently, national and international media where she covered issues linked to armed conflict, Human Rights, the Justice and Peace process with paramilitaries (i.e. Justicia y Paz), and land grabbing and restitution. Consultant for the German GIZ-Profis initiative; the OAS Mission to Support the Peace Process in Colombia (MAPP/OEA, by its acronym in Spanish) and FESCOL.
Internationalist from Universidad del Rosario and Postgraduate Certificate on International Business Management. Professional experience of more than seven years with emphasis on the education sector’s administrative and financial areas. Active engagement in projects co-funded by public, private, national and international institutions focused on budgetary and administrative management. In September 2013 she was appointed FIP’s Administrative and Finance Head.
Since 1999, when a Colombian group of businessmen created Fundación Ideas para la Paz (FIP), we have contributed, on an independent basis, in the pursuance of solutions to overcome the Colombian armed conflict and the construction of a society that is democratic, peaceful and prosperous and successfully inserted within the international political and economic context, all this by means of proposals, knowledge and investigation.
Today, Colombia faces major challenges. In a context where institutional strengthening, progress made with regard to State modernization and economic growth contrast with continued shortcomings in terms of equality, respect, territorial integration, corruption, civil security and coexistence, it is essential that efforts continue to be made in order to build sustainable peace. The above implies far-reaching political and social changes, transformation of values and realities at all levels and territories. Moreover, at present Colombia has the possibility to definitely close the armed conflict with the guerrillas, which means an additional opportunity to advanced in this field.
FIP is firmly committed to strongly contribute to such changes by achieving full comprehension of the political and social unrest in the country, raising its voice and exercising a leading position in view of mobilizing citizens, government officials and the business sector around the common goal of building a peaceful society throughout the national territory. To achieve such goal it is required to make endeavors to promote know-how, consultancy and project management in order to build capacity and develop skills among stakeholders. Thus, the mission of FIP aims at generating know-how, proposing initiatives, developing practices and supporting processes adequate to help in the construction of a stable and lasting peace in Colombia.
FIP’s contribution is grounded on four different approaches:
By year 2020, FIP shall have been a key stakeholder, leader and promoter of the intended articulation between the State, the business sector and the civil society, desirous of consolidating a country in peace. FIP shall have moved more businessmen to commit with the Foundation tasks and shall have helped to understand various roles and contexts. Likewise, to boost its activities, FIP shall have entered strategic alliances with other organizations having complementary expertise and strengths. FIP will be recognized for its independence and commitment towards public issues, while reaching a top position among major think tanks in the region given its wide and extensive expertise in matters such as conflict, peace construction and civil security, besides its reliance on a work team that is highly qualified and innovative.
The Area’s mission is to contribute to a better understanding of the internal armed conflict and its transformation, as well as the social unrest existing in strategic territories. Likewise, it focuses on the provision of technical support to peace negotiation processes and the subsequent stabilization.
FIP tasks are approached on the underlying premise that building peace conditions in Colombia requires comprehensive understanding of all complexities of the armed conflict and other social unrest that have existed in the territory for several decades. Such understanding is the first step to design and implement public policies aimed at achieving sustainable peace. Likewise, FIP firmly believes that the Colombian conflict will inevitably conclude with a peace negotiation or a series of negotiations that call for adequate preparation and technical assistance.
In this context, the Area seeks to provide information and technical inputs to encourage public debates and spaces for negotiation with illegal armed groups, in order to achieve peace agreements, or to bring justice endorsed by an informed citizenship. These are basic requirements for an optimum closure of the internal armed conflict, and the transformation of the conditions that reproduce the spread of national unrest.
Our mission in this Area is to contribute to a better public understanding and the formulation of policies and programs on post-conflict and peacebuilding, by reinforcing key skills, knowledge and data generation in this field.
At FIP we are aware that conflict situations are inherent to community life; thus, we do not expect to live in a conflict-free society. However, we do believe that in democratic and dignifying contexts, such unrest should be addressed through non-violent means that, eventually, become supporting grounds for social change. In this sense, we understand post-conflict as a transitional phase that follows any peace agreement; in such stage, the most significant challenge is to implement every transformation required for limiting further acts of political violence and to assist the Colombian State in advancing and developing capacities to control and fight against violence originating from organized crime.
Accordingly, activities in this Area mainly focus on producing knowledge and proposals concerning challenges involved in transitional stages such as transitional justice, reintegration and reconciliation issues and aspects encompassing long-term structural changes like territorial governance, culture and education for peace. For FIP, all these transformations are necessary for building a stable and lasting peace in Colombia.
Our mission in this Area is to promote, guide, facilitate and strengthen the business sector involvement in view of overcoming the conflict and building sustainable peace by reinforcing capacities and providing knowledge, inputs and tools to develop public policies and adopting private practices.
Overcoming the armed conflict and building sustainable peace are collective tasks that require efforts and commitments from all Colombians. Peacebuilding is a long-term goal that involves meaningful cultural, social, political and economic transformations appropriate to widen civil enforcement of rights while banning the use of violence from the range of alternatives available to settle disputes, achieve goals and make transactions.
International and even domestic experiences prove the business sector to be a key stakeholder to firmly advance towards the settlement of the armed conflict and the construction of sustainable peace. Consequently, this Area focuses on encouraging and reinforcing the business sector’s active participation in initiatives that effectively contribute to boost transformations required for building sustainable peace in Colombia.
Our mission in this Area is to contribute to a better understanding and the elaboration of policies and programs on security and criminal policy, strengthening capacities and providing substantial knowledge and information on the matter.
Colombia still has one of the highest homicide rates in the world and both crime and intolerance levels remain very high. Most of the population has no access to justice and impunity has not shifted despite significant efforts made in the past twenty years. At FIP we firmly believe that both security and justice are public values that enable exercising and enjoying fundamental rights and, therefore are the pillars for peace; also, any effort made to strengthen and articulate these rights and values will help to consolidate the Social Rule of Law all over the country.
On one hand, the core challenge in this Area is to achieve wider capacity to control and fight several forms of organized crime linked to illegal economies and the internal armed conflict itself; on the other hand, it is intended to provide security and access to justice for all. Consequently, this Area promotes a far-reaching review of crime activities and supports the harmonization of conceptual, normative and organizational tools adequate to articulate differential plans and strategies in the field of security and justice.
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